Organizational change and organizational innovation


In an ever-changing world, organizations face major challenges to stay competitive and relevant.

Two key concepts emerge when we discuss adapting to change: organizational change and organizational innovation. Although they share similarities, they have distinct goals and approaches to ensuring business survival and growth.

In this article, we’ll dive into the dynamic world of business management by exploring the nuances between organizational change and organizational innovation.

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Understanding Organizational Change

The Context of Change

Organizational change occurs when companies modify their structures, operations or cultures to adapt to new realities. This process may be deliberate or necessary in response to external factors such as market developments, technological advances or regulatory changes.

The goal of organizational change is often to improve efficiency, increase competitiveness, or adapt to changing circumstances.

Types of Change

Organizational change can be classified into two main categories: evolutionary and radical.

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Evolutionary Change

Evolutionary change is characterized by its gradual and continuous nature. It involves gradual adjustments in an organization’s operations, culture, or structure. This type of change is often used to maintain long-term relevance and effectiveness. Companies embracing this type of change are usually in relatively stable environments.

Radical change

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Radical change, on the other hand, involves major and rapid transformations. It can be triggered by internal or external crises, and aims to fundamentally change the way the organization operates. Radical changes can be risky, but they are sometimes necessary to reinvent the company and position it on new growth trajectories.

Deciphering Organizational Innovation

The Quest for Innovation

Organizational innovation focuses on creating new ideas, methods or processes within a company. Unlike organizational change, which may involve existing adjustments, innovation seeks novelties. The goal is to improve the company’s products, services or operations to meet changing customer needs and market developments.

Forms of Innovation

Organizational innovation can manifest itself in different ways:

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Product Innovation

It involves creating new products or improving existing ones to provide added value to customers.

Process Innovation

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Here, the focus is on improving internal processes to increase operational efficiency and reduce costs.

Service Innovation

Service innovation aims to create new ways of providing services to customers, meeting their needs in an innovative way.

Business Model Innovation

This form of innovation involves the complete revision of the business model, including revenue sources, value proposition and strategic partnerships.

The Balance Between Change and Innovation

When we approach the question of organizational change, we generally presuppose the transition from a given state to another, different from the first. The analysis of this variation is often problematic. The same applies to the distinction between organizational change and innovation, which comes up against the confusion between the two concepts.

For ALTER, change and innovation are two terms that do not mean the same thing. According to the author, “the term change refers to the idea of a modification undergone, circumscribed in space and time, having more or less positive effects, the economic constraints being considered as fixed”. Conversely, “the term innovation refers rather to the voluntary creation of a new organizational deal”.

Collerette and All do not agree with Alter´s comments. According to these authors, innovation is the action of finding, discovering, inventing something new in relation to a given environment or any problem, often from a more or less systematic problem solving process.

Innovation does not constitute an intervention on the organizational social system. It is an activity that ultimately can be done without direct interaction with the system. Change is also the implementation of innovation, which implies that it is necessary to act on the social system. So change is a process that completes the innovation process and ensures its implementation within the company.

Muller shares the same remarks of Collerette and All, on the fact that innovation is a particular form of change which consists in: “introducing into something established something new, something still unknown”. Innovation corresponds to a form of offensive change requiring an ability to question operating methods that may appear to be “just enough” to ensure the survival of the organization.

It seems judicious and reasonable to us to adopt the idea of complementarity between innovation and change as the idea of distinction established by Alter.

Whatever the reason for the change, it represents the process whose challenge is to lead the organization towards better performance. The success of the change depends on the participation of the actors of the organization. These can be both drivers and brakes on change.

Organizations must navigate between change and innovation to stay competitive.

Organizational change can create strong foundations for innovation, removing internal barriers and creating a culture open to change. At the same time, organizational innovation can fuel the need for change by introducing innovative ideas and exploring new opportunities.


Ultimately, organizational change and organizational innovation are two essential facets of a successful business. While change allows the company to adapt to an ever-changing world, innovation allows it to stand out and thrive in this dynamic environment.

The most successful companies are those that understand how to balance these two concepts, creating a culture that encourages adaptation, while fostering creativity and the exploration of new ideas.

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